[Mike Tougias] -- Michael Tougias journeys the length of the Connecticut River by canoe and kayak, from its source near the Canadian border through four New England states to where it meets the sea in Connecticut. Teams of men would wait at Canaan, Vermont, to protect the bridges from log jams. Chief of Staff Paul Mounds said Saturday the staffer was close to the governor recently, and that the i… The Connecticut River is Nationally Recognized. Wild country, my friend. [8] The word came into English during the early 1600s to name the river, which was also called simply "The Great River". Trees cut adjacent to tributary streams including Perry Stream and Indian Stream in Pittsburg, New Hampshire, Halls Stream on the Quebec–New Hampshire border, Simms Stream, the Mohawk River, and the Nulhegan River basin in Essex County, Vermont, would be flushed into the main river by the release of water impounded behind splash dams. “The Connecticut River Watershed is a model for how communities can integrate their land and water stewardship efforts with an emphasis on ‘source-to-sea’ watershed conservation,” announced U.S. ... and said the river is the source of roughly 10 to 15 percent of his business. The Connecticut River watershed encompasses 11,260 square miles (29,200 km2), connecting 148 tributaries, including 38 major rivers and numerous lakes and ponds. Get the facts at ct.gov/coronavirus. Fish & Wildlife Service", "Fish Stocks Rebound After Vermont Yankee Shutdown", "Freshwater Mussels and the Connecticut River Watershed", https://web.archive.org/web/20141015183508/http://www.bio.umass.edu/biology/conn.river/bryozoa.html, "River Watchers, Tackling Speeders and Thin Budgets", "News and Information from Northampton, MA by the Daily Hampshire Gazette – GazetteNet.com", Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Commission, Tri-state Connecticut River Watershed Initiative, "Connecticut, a river of the United States", Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, Heron Pond – Little Black Slough Nature Preserve, Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve, Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge, North Fork East Branch Pemigewasset River, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Connecticut_River&oldid=991330739, Rivers of Hampshire County, Massachusetts, Articles containing undetermined-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Connecticut River Estuary and Tidal River Wetlands Complex, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 14:14. We need to increase natural resiliency in vulnerable areas by removing dams and restoring... Water crises are in the top 10 of the most likely and highest impact... Oil and gas development near rivers can have a number of impacts, including pollution... A healthy river is a community’s first line of defense, ensuring water security and... 1101 14th Street NW, Suite 1400 Washington, DC 20005 | Phone: ©2019 American Rivers, All Rights Reserved. (WWLP) – The Connecticut River Conservancy is hosting its 24th annual Source to Sea Cleanup throughout the month of September. [48] The river drops more than 2,480 feet (760 m) in elevation as it winds south to the border of Massachusetts where it sits 190 feet (58 m) above sea level. Maps & Guides; Connecticut River Paddlers’ Trail; Source to Sea Paddlers’ Recognition & Stories; Guided Fishing & Paddle Trips; News and Events. English 0762740973. But the Connecticut’s undersized crossings are easily obstructed and prone to failure during large storms such as Tropical Storm Irene in 2011, when over 1,000 culverts and 500 bridges failed. The Connecticut River carries a heavy amount of silt from as far north as Quebec, especially during the spring snow melt. Its largest cities—Hartford and Springfield—lie 45 and 69 miles upriver, respectively. [53] In the Middle Connecticut region, the river reaches its maximum depth – 130 feet (40 m) – at Gill, Massachusetts, around the French King Bridge, and its maximum width – 2,100 feet (640 m) – at Longmeadow, directly across from the Six Flags New England amusement park. SPRINGFIELD, Mass. The event called “Source to Sea Cleanup” is organized by the Connecticut River Conservancy. The Connecticut River at 407 miles long is the longest river in New England, and from its currents flow big business. There are several species of anadromous and catadromous fish, including brook trout, winter flounder, blueback herring, alewife, rainbow trout, large brown trout, American shad (Alosa sapidissima), hickory shad, smallmouth bass, Atlantic sturgeon, striped bass (Morone saxatilis), American eel, sea lamprey, and endangered shortnose sturgeon and dwarf wedgemussels. Is the River Clean? Twitter Share. Ned Lamont’s staff has tested positive for COVID-19. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for River Days: Exploring the Connecticut River from Source to Sea at Amazon.com. Major cities on the Connecticut River are Hartford and Springfield, which lie 45 and 69 miles (70 and 110 km) upriver respectively. Some local police departments and the state Environmental Conservation Police patrol the area a few times a week. Designated the “long tidal river” by the Algonquian peoples of southern New England, it stretches over 410 miles and passes through four states—starting at the northern tip of New Hampshire along the Quebec border and passing through Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on its way to Long Island Sound. [5][6], The Connecticut River Valley is home to some of the northeastern United States' most productive farmland, as well as a metropolitan region of approximately two million people surrounding Springfield, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Connecticut. Two million residents live in the densely populated Hartford-Springfield region, which stretches roughly between the college towns of Amherst, Massachusetts, and Middletown, Connecticut. Yet more than 3,000 of these obstructions still impound the tributaries of the Connecticut River, with adverse impacts on river health, flooding, local economies, and community quality of life. Introduced species include stocked rainbow trout. [37] Some of the logs were destined for mills in Wilder and Bellows Falls, Vermont, while others were sluiced over the Bellows Falls dam. [7], The word "Connecticut" is a corruption of the Mohegan word quinetucket, which means "beside the long, tidal river". The Connecticut River is the flagship natural resource for New England, just as the Chesapeake Bay is to the mid Atlantic region. Landlocked salmon make their way into the river during spring spawning runs of bait fish and during their fall spawn. Flooding of roads isolated the city for a time. HartBeat Ensemble is premiering the local history dramas "Up and Down the River," a series of short audio plays co-written by Mohegan tribe members … After Springfield broke ties with the Colony, the remaining Connecticut settlements demanded that Springfield's ships pay tolls when passing the mouth of the river. The Connecticut River is the longest river in the New England region of the United States, flowing roughly southward for 406 miles (653 km) through four states. The Connecticut River is tidal from Long Island Sound to Hartford, Connecticut, and during low flows beyond that all the way to Windsor Locks, Connecticut. ", Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, List of populated places on the Connecticut River, List of crossings of the Connecticut River, "With Cooler Water, Better Prospects for Shad Migration? This decline may have been exacerbated by over-fishing in the mid-Atlantic and predation from resurging striped bass populations. With the addition of fish ladders at multiple dams on the river, access to historic spawning habitat for anadromous fish is returning as well. Any idea where the source is? Eversource Community: CONNECTICUT RIVER CONSERVANCY - Protecting the Connecticut River as it flows across New England. Every second, it pours about 19,600 cubic feet (560 cubic meters) per second into its mouth at Long Island Sound, part of the Atlantic Ocean. Connecticut River Facts; Education: River of Words . A treaty moved the boundary westward between the Connecticut Colony and New Netherland Colony to a point near Greenwich, Connecticut. These events include opportunities to directly engage with important … River in the New England region of the United States, River map, with major tributaries and selected dams, The Upper Connecticut River: New Hampshire and Vermont, The Middle Connecticut River: Massachusetts through central Connecticut, The Lower Connecticut River: Southern Connecticut to Long Island Sound, Meaning "landing place" or "place for unloading canoes. [38] Mount Tom was the landmark the log drivers used to gauge the distance to the final mills near Holyoke, Massachusetts. Since then, the river has been restored from Class D to Class B (fishable and swimmable). The campground is … Eight of the 12 species in the watershed are listed as endangered, threatened, or of special concern in one or more of the states in the watershed. [58] The Cabot and Turners Falls hydroelectric stations generate up to 68 MW.[59]. [5] Lush green forests and agricultural hamlets dot this middle portion of the Connecticut River; however, the region is best known for its numerous college towns, such as Northampton, South Hadley, and Amherst, as well as the river's most populous city, Springfield. [64], A number of colonial animal species make their home in the waters of the Connecticut. [51] A conservation easement over 146,000 acres (590 km2) of the property prohibits development of the land while allowing public access. [4] Its watershed encompasses 11,260 square miles (29,200 km2), covering parts of five U.S. states and one Canadian province, via 148 tributaries, 38 of which are major rivers. Rather than the usual two-day event, the 24th annual Connecticut River Conservancy’s Source to Sea Cleanup is a month-long event that will last … [52], Following the most recent ice age, the Middle Connecticut River Valley sat at the bottom of Lake Hitchcock. Across the northeast, over 430,000 people were made homeless or destitute by flooding that year. As testament to its watershed-wide mission, the Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge is one of only three refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System that has “Fish” in its title. Fish and Wildlife Service. "[33], The Enfield Falls Canal was opened in 1829 to circumvent shallows around Enfield Falls, and the locks built for this canal gave their name to the town of Windsor Locks, Connecticut. The river that flows from the Canadian border to the Long Island Sound in Connecticut didn’t always merit such lofty praise. [28] New York protested these grants, and King George III decided in 1764 that the border between the provinces should be the western bank of the Connecticut River. Over 3,000 refugees from the area were housed in Amherst College and the Massachusetts State Agricultural College (now UMass Amherst). Two tail-water dams provide cold river water for miles downstream, making for bountiful summer fishing on the Connecticut. The Connecticut River was designated the first National Blueway under the America’s Great Outdoors Initiative by the Obama administration in 2012. The Connecticut River Paddlers’ Trail is a series of primitive campsites and river access points from its headwaters in New Hampshire’s Great North Woods south to Long Island Sound. For a look at the larger effort, follow this link: See you at the river! [51] The property spans the towns of Pittsburg, Clarksville, and Stewartstown, New Hampshire, nearly 3 percent of the land in the state of New Hampshire. The program was dismantled in 2014, but the national landmark that is the Connecticut River endures.The river that flows from th… The hat manufacturing industry of Danbury, Connecticut , which operated from the 19th to the mid-20th century, was the source of most of this mercury pollution, from mercury nitrate used in the felting process. The Connecticut River from source … Ice effects may be minor (occurring only at night and early morning) with baseline flows obvious, or the effects may be major (stage constantly increases over several days or weeks) resulting in greatly erroneous discharge. It is the Fourth Connecticut Lake in New Hampshire, just below a ridge where a U.S. Customs station sits at the Canadian border, that is the source of the Connecticut River. It was designated as one of 14 American Heritage Rivers in 1997. [27], Vermont was claimed by both New Hampshire and New York, and was settled primarily through the issuance of land grants by New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth beginning in the 1740s. [11], Archaeological digs reveal human habitation of the Connecticut River Valley for 6,000 years before present. Paperback (Third Edition) $ 19.95. From the event website: The Source to Sea Cleanup is an annual trash cleanup of the Connecticut River system – rivers, streams and banks, parks, boat launches, trails and more. [16] The agricultural Pocomtuc tribe lived in unfortified villages alongside the Connecticut River north of the Enfield Falls on the fertile stretch of hills and meadows surrounding Springfield, Massachusetts. Numerous tribes lived throughout the fertile Connecticut River valley prior to Dutch exploration beginning in 1614. In Springfield, Massachusetts, 5 sq mi (13 km2), and 18 miles (29 km) of streets, were flooded, and 20,000 people lost their homes. Via its longest branch, the Farmington's length increases to 80.4 miles, making it the Connecticut River's longest tributary by a mere 2.3 miles over the major river directly to its north, the Westfield River. The history of the Connecticut River can be told through dams. [5][32][48], The Connecticut River rises from Fourth Connecticut Lake, a small pond 300 yards (270 m) south of the Canada–United States border in the town of Pittsburg, New Hampshire, at an elevation of 2,670 feet (810 m) above sea level. River days : exploring the Connecticut River from source to sea. Wild, natural scenery abounds along the 410-mile Connecticut River, which is heralded as the first—and only—National Blueway designated under the America’s Great Outdoors initiative by the Obama administration in 2012. Each fall, thousands of volunteers of all ages and abilities head out to places of their choice all along the four-state watershed (NH, VT, MA, CT) to clean the Connecticut River and its tributaries on foot or by boat. Karen Fisk. The Farmington River is a river, 46.7 miles in length along its main stem, which is located in northwest Connecticut with major tributaries extending into southwest Massachusetts. With this in mind, they founded Wethersfield, Connecticut in 1633, several miles south of the Dutch fort at Hartford. They pass an additional elevator in Turners Falls, Massachusetts and make it at least as far as Bellows Falls, Vermont. Building off the federal Connecticut River Blueway Designation, American Rivers is continuing to bring expertise in developing river recreation and protection opportunities to the watershed to engage with partners and help direct funding for these efforts. The first group of pioneers left the Plymouth Colony in 1632 and ultimately founded the village of Matianuck (which became Windsor, Connecticut) several miles north of the Dutch fort. [19][20] The region stretching from Springfield north to the New Hampshire and Vermont state borders fostered many agricultural Pocomtuc and Nipmuc settlements, with its soil enhanced by sedimentary deposits. The race was a stop on the Connecticut River Conservancy's source to sea journey, a river-long event focusing on the many ways people use the water for … Meriden is a city in the Connecticut River Valley. Species diversity is higher in the southern part of the watershed (Connecticut and Massachusetts) than in the northern part (Vermont and New Hampshire), largely due to differences in stream gradient and substrate. The Connecticut is one of the few major rivers in the United States without a major city at its mouth because of this obstacle. Facebook Share. Eversource Community: CONNECTICUT RIVER CONSERVANCY - Protecting the Connecticut River as it flows across New England. Connecticut's Official State Website Search Bar for CT.gov. [32][54] The Connecticut's largest falls – South Hadley Falls – features a vertical drop of 58 feet (18 m). [27] Settlement of the Upper Connecticut River Valley increased quickly, with population assessments of 36,000 by 1790. It was also known as the Fresh River, and the Dutch called it the Verse River. A 1959 trip on the Connecticut River from the Canadian border to Long Island Sound increased public awareness of its sad state at the time. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The Connecticut River Boating Guide: Source to Sea 256. by Connecticut River Watershed Council, John Sinton, Elizabeth Farnsworth. (WWLP) – The Connecticut River Conservancy is hosting its 24th annual Source to Sea Cleanup throughout the month of September. [7], The Connecticut River's flow is slowed by main stem dams, which create a series of slow-flowing basins from Lake Francis Dam in Pittsburg, New Hampshire, to the Holyoke Dam at South Hadley Falls in Massachusetts. This resulted in an unsuccessful lawsuit by the state of Connecticut against the diversion of its riparian waters. Designated the “long tidal river” by the Algonquian peoples of southern New England, it stretches over 410 miles and passes through four states—starting at the northern tip of New Hampshire along the Quebec border and passing through Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on its way to Long Island Sound. MIDDLETOWN >> For the fourth year, the city is partnering with the Connecticut River Watershed Council for the annual Connecticut River Source to Sea Cleanup. Diverting water from the Connecticut River was considered several times,[46] but in 1986 the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority instead undertook a campaign of water conservation. The Water Quality Act of 1965 had a major impact on controlling water pollution in the Connecticut River and its tributaries. Four separate Puritan-led groups also settled the fertile Connecticut River Valley, and they founded the two large cities that continue to dominate the Valley: Hartford (est. Each fall, thousands of volunteers of all ages and abilities head out to places of their choice all along the four-state watershed (NH, VT, MA, CT) to clean the Connecticut River and its tributaries on foot or by boat. Information concerning how these tribes lived and interacted stems mostly from English accounts written during the 1630s. Founded in 1952, the Connecticut River Watershed Council, with headquarters in Greenfield, Massachusetts, is the river's primary watchdog and steward "from source to … [35], Starting about 1865,[36] the river was used for massive logging drives from Third Connecticut Lake to initially water powered sawmills near Enfield Falls. The Connecticut River is one of the most recognizable in New Hampshire. The Connecticut River is a source of life and livelihood for many in Western Massachusetts. Although not a major tourist destination, it does have an architecturally notable center. Rather that the usual two-day event, the 24th annual Connecticut River Conservancy’s Source to Sea Cleanup is a month-long event that will last … This results in a large sandbar near the river's mouth which is a formidable obstacle to navigation. The Source to Sea Connecticut River Clean Up is a great way to be outside, in the water, and with friends doing good work. [26], The Fort at Number 4 in Charlestown, New Hampshire was the northernmost English settlement on the Connecticut River until the end of the French and Indian War in 1763. Manchester Manchester is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. Search. Once described as America’s “best landscaped sewer,” the Connecticut has largely rebounded from hard times and today provides drinking water for millions and supports recreational uses, important fisheries, and healthy landscapes. [60] Several fish ladders and fish elevators have been built to allow fish to resume their natural migration upriver each spring. 15 miles (24 km) south of Hartford, at Middletown, the Lower Connecticut River section begins with a narrowing of the river, and then a sharp turn southeast. American eels are also present, as are predators of these migratory fish including striped bass. A group left the Massachusetts Bay Colony from Watertown, seeking a site where they could practice their religion more freely. Over the past 23 years the organization has cleaned up nearly 1,200 tons of trash. [45], Demand for drinking water in eastern Massachusetts passed the sustainable supply from the existing system in 1969. COVID-19 Information: Connecticut residents are urged to continue taking precautions to prevent the spread of COVID-19. In addition, Interstate 91, whose route largely follows the river, crosses it twice – once in Connecticut and once in Massachusetts. [22], In 1614, Dutch explorer Adriaen Block became the first European to chart the Connecticut River, sailing as far north as Enfield Rapids. ", "Connecticut River Estuary and Tidal River Wetlands Complex", "Event: Source To Sea Cleanup To Benefit 410 Miles of Connecticut River — Courant.com – CT Environmental Headlines", "THEATER; The Industrialization of the Great River, New England's Longest", https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089800t/f1.item, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b5905631t/f1.item, "Full text of "Indian place names of New England, "Why did settlers come to New Hampshire and Vermont, and where did they come from? 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